There are four present tenses in English. Use the present tense to talk about something that is going on now or that is true now and any time.
- Simple present to express habits and general truths.
- Present continuous to talk about an action happening now.
- Present perfect for repeated actions, actions where the time is not important, and actions that began in the past but are not finished yet.
- Present perfect continuous to talk about ongoing actions where both the process and the result are important.